Next week, our neighbour to the south celebrates the 20th anniversary of the intonation of King Mohamed VI. Twenty years of profound changes in the structure of the state as well as in the economy of the country. Spain, for now, has managed to dethrone France and become for the sixth consecutive year Morocco’s largest trading partner with a turnover of 14 billion euros. In 2018, more than 20,000 Spanish exporting companies were registered in Morocco, representing 10% of all companies exporting to the world. And there are already more than 800 Spanish companies in Morocco.
In Morocco, with regard to major construction and development projects, Mohammed VI has seen the deployment of an important network of infrastructure: ports, roads, bridges, railways “Africa’s first AVE”, industrial zones, etc. In this sense, Morocco is fully involved in the implementation of an infrastructure capable of making Morocco a regional economic center.
In terms of domestic policy, Morocco has undergone a series of political, administrative and legal reforms in the field of human rights over the past two decades: the elimination of several reservations made about international conventions that Morocco had already ratified, the creation of a number of institutions working in the field of the promotion and protection of human rights, and a new Constitution was established by which the extension of the scope of citizens’ rights and freedoms, the independence of the judiciary of other executive and legislative powers, and the strengthening of the powers of government and parliament were achieved. The Amazigh language was recognized as an official language in the same way as Arabic, having been valued with the creation in 2001 of the Royal Amazigh Institute of Culture (IRCAM).
In this area of reform, advanced regionalization has been established as an option for the renovation and modernization of state structures, and for the consolidation of integrated development.
Internationally, Morocco returned to the African Union (AU) in 2017 after its departure in 1984. Moroccan diplomacy is particularly active and present in the Sahel and West African countries. The Kingdom also became the second largest investor on the African continent after South Africa. This return to the African Union demonstrates Morocco’s willingness to defend its national cause while contributing to the development of the African continent.